Professional manufacturing and production of radiator cooling fans, condenser fans and fan motors, etc.

DC fan and its working principle

by:TOCH     2021-03-26

DC fan, as the name implies, is a cooling fan that converts electrical energy into electromagnetic energy through DC voltage and electromagnetic induction, and then electromagnetic energy into mechanical energy, and finally into kinetic energy, so that the fan blades rotate. Conventional DC fans are mainly composed of four parts: rotor, stator, motor, and outer frame. The DC motor consists of a permanent magnet rotor, a multi-stage winding stator, a position sensor, and an electronic commutation drive control circuit. The rotor is composed of: motor shell + permanent magnetic strip + shaft core + fan blades. Stator part: enameled wire + plastic coated silicon steel sheet + bearing + Hall sensor detection + drive circuit board + shaft. As shown in the figure: The core components of the DC fan are the stator and the rotor. According to the right-hand rule of ampere, we know that if a conductor passes current, a magnetic field will be generated around it. If this conductor is placed in another fixed magnetic field, it will produce attraction or repulsion, which will cause the object to move. Inside the fan blade of the DC fan, a rubber magnet pre-charged with magnetism is attached. Surrounding the silicon steel sheet, two sets of coils are wound around the shaft center, and a Hall sensor component is used as a synchronous detection device to control a set of circuits. This magnetic pole and the rubber magnet generate repulsive force. When the repulsive force is greater than the static friction force of the lice fan, the fan leaves naturally rotate. Since the Hall sensor component provides the synchronization signal, the fan can continue to operate. As for the direction of rotation, it can be determined according to Fleming's right-hand rule. This is how the DC fan works. Auto radiator fan factory is an old-brand cooling fan manufacturer with many years of Ru0026D, production and sales experience. It can customize various types of DC fans, AC fans, EC fans and provide customers with the most cost-effective cooling solutions according to customer needs.
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